Hmadcha d’EssaouiraPlace El Khaima
The brotherhood of Hmadcha, founded at the end of the 17th century by Sidi Ali Ben Hamdouch, who had a following in Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The Hmadcha hadra (ritual) begins with the hizb, or prayer recitations. This is followed by the dikr, where religious hymns are sung. The tradition features collective singing, accompanied by the harraz (pottery drums).
The second phase is composed of three moments. First is the hot moment when the crescendo rise to the level of trance. When the hadra falls, the prayer is spoken and the moment cools down to the sound of pipes (nira), when the spirit of Aïcha Kendicha is invoked, and dancers beat their heads as one. The last moment is often accompanied by a Gnaoui hadra, which invokes the mlouks.